What Are The 6 Health Risk Factors?

What are risky health behaviors?

Risky health behaviors such as smoking, drinking alcohol, drug use, unprotected sex, and poor diets and sedentary lifestyles (leading to obesity) are a major source of preventable deaths.

This chapter overviews the theoretical frameworks for, and empirical evidence on, the economics of risky health behaviors..

What is a healthy behavior?

Health behaviors, sometimes called health-related behaviors, are actions taken by individuals that affect health or mortality. These actions may be intentional or unintentional, and can promote or detract from the health of the actor or others.

Why do people take risks?

Sometimes we take risks because we’re bored and want to ‘spice up’ our lives. In most cases this boredom is the result of some imbalance in how we are living. We may not be using our talents to their full potential and this is when we make bad decisions. It’s natural to want to be liked by our peers.

How can reduce health risk?

Proper eating and exercise as well as keeping your weight within a healthy range are all ways to keep your blood pressure controlled. An important part of healthy eating and blood pressure control is choosing foods that are low in salt (sodium chloride) and other forms of sodium.

What are 4 uncontrollable risk factors?

The “uncontrollable” risk factors are: Age (the risk increases with age)…The “controllable” risk factors are:Smoking.High blood pressure.High blood cholesterol.High blood sugar (diabetes)Obesity and overweight.Obesity and Overweight.Physical inactivity.Stress.

What are the 7 most common chronic diseases?

The Top 7 Most Common Chronic Diseases in the U.SHeart Disease. … Cancer. … Chronic Lung Disease. … Stroke. … Alzheimer’s. … Diabetes. … Kidney Disease.

What is the leading risk factor for many diseases?

The causes (risk factors) of chronic diseases are well estab- lished and well known; a small set of common risk factors are responsible for most of the main chronic diseases. These risk factors are modifiable and the same in men and women: unhealthy diet; physical inactivity; tobacco use.

What are 5 risk behaviors?

Risky BehaviorsTobacco. Cigarettes, cigars, dip, chew – contains the drug nicotine. … Alcohol. Beer, wine, wine coolers, mixed drinks. … Sex. Intercourse, oral sex, anal sex, outercourse – all sexual contact. … Drugs. Marijuana, ecstasy, acid, cocaine, rohypnol, GHB. … Violence. Bullying, gangs, fights, dating violence.

What are examples of risk behaviors?

Common risky behaviourunprotected sexual activity.sexting and other risky uses of social media.tobacco smoking, alcohol use and binge-drinking.illegal substance use.dangerous driving.illegal activities like trespassing or vandalism.fighting.truancy.

What are the 3 types of risk factors?

The three categories of risk factors are detailed here:Increasing Age. The majority of people who die of coronary heart disease are 65 or older. … Male gender. … Heredity (including race) … Tobacco smoke. … High blood cholesterol. … High blood pressure. … Physical inactivity. … Obesity and being overweight.More items…

How can health risks be prevented?

Eight healthy choices to reduce your risk for diseaseBe a non-smoker and avoid second hand smoke. If you smoke, get help to quit. … Be physically active everyday. … Eat healthy foods. … Achieve a healthy weight. … Control your blood pressure. … Limit your intake of alcohol. … Reduce your stress. … Be screened or tested regularly.

What factors cause diseases?

Infectious diseases can be caused by:Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.Fungi. … Parasites.

What are 5 common health risk factors?

Your personal health risk factors include your age, sex, family health history, lifestyle, and more. Some risks factors can’t be changed, such as your genes or ethnicity. Others are within your control, like your diet, physical activity, and whether you wear a seatbelt.

What are the 4 types of risk behaviors?

Four types of high risk behaviour namely road traffic accidents, violence, self-injurious and risky sexual behaviour were studied.

What diseases are linked to obesity?

The Health Effects of Overweight and ObesityAll-causes of death (mortality)High blood pressure (Hypertension)High LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, or high levels of triglycerides (Dyslipidemia)Type 2 diabetes.Coronary heart disease.Stroke.Gallbladder disease.Osteoarthritis (a breakdown of cartilage and bone within a joint)More items…

What are the 6 risk factors?

3.2, health risk factors and their main parameters in built environments are further identified and classified into six groups: biological, chemical, physical, psychosocial, personal, and others.

What are the health risk factors?

Risk factors and disease burden.Tobacco smoking.Excessive alcohol consumption.Abnormal blood lipids (dyslipidaemia)Nutrition.Insufficient physical activity.Overweight and obesity Overweight and obesity – expandOverweight and obesity – collapse. Causes of overweight and obesity. Who is overweight?High blood pressure.More items…•

What is a risk taking behavior?

Risky behavior or risk-taking behavior is defined according to Trimpop (1994) as “any consciously, or non-consciously controlled behavior with a perceived uncertainty about its outcome, and/or about its possible benefits, or costs for the physical, economic or psycho-social well-being of oneself or others.” In addition …

Who is at high risk for heart attack?

Men age 45 or older and women age 55 or older are more likely to have a heart attack than are younger men and women. Tobacco. This includes smoking and long-term exposure to secondhand smoke. High blood pressure.

What increases risk of heart disease?

These are called risk factors. About half of all Americans (47%) have at least 1 of 3 key risk factors for heart disease: high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking. Some risk factors for heart disease cannot be controlled, such as your age or family history.

What are the 6 health risk behaviors?

The YRBS addresses the six categories of priority health risk behaviors associated with the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among adults and youth: behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries and violence, tobacco use, alcohol and other drug use, sexual behaviors that contribute to unintended …